0 Apnea at birth

Reactions: 

Apnea at birth :

Causes : MC cause in Preterm is MIXED

Central
Obstructive

Preterm babies
(Normally - All Newborns are Nose breathers till 4 months.)
Asphyxia
Secretions in Nose
Sepsis
Preterm
Hypoglycemia




Apnea of Prematurity (rare cause of Apnea) :

<28 wks --> 100% have apnea
28-34 wks --> 25%

Onset - Usually 1st 2 days of life (Never after 1st week of life)

T/t -
  1. CPAP
  2. MethylXanthines (Theophyline , Aminophyline)
  3. Caffeine Citrate (DOC for Apnea of Prematurity)


Aminophyline :
Used in
  1. Status asthamaticus
  2. Apnea of Prematurity
Loading Dose        : 5 - 6 mg/kg
Maintenance dose  : 1-2 mg/kg (every 6-8 hrs)



No comments:

Post a Comment

Ask your doubts / point out towards any error / show appreciation / explain anything you wish to.

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...
To Search for a "particular word" on "the page on your screen" , press Ctrl + F and then type the word you need to search on the visible page.

eg: If you need to search the word "Anatomy" on this page -- Press "Ctrl + F" , (a box will appear) and then type Anatomy in the box that has appeared.