0 Chronic kidney disease

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Chronic kidney disease (previously known as Chronic Renal Failure)

Most Common cause in < 5yr
  • Obstructive uropathy (eg: Posterior urethral valve in males)
  • Dysplasia/hypoplasia of kidney

Most Common cause in > 5yr 
  • Acquired ( Glomerulonephritis , HUS )

Complications :
  1. Azotemia
  2. Anaemia
  3. Acidosis
  4. Bony problems (Rickets , Renal Osteodystrophy)
  5. CVS problems (in Adults)
  6. Growth failure


If ESRD (end stage renal disease i.e GFR < 15 ml/min/1.73m2 ) then there will be need of dialysis or transplant (advised in child)




MedicoNotebook - Founder : DrShiviMudgal , Co-Founder : DrAyushGoel

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