0 Early gastric carcinoma

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MCQ 164

Q. Which of the following is best to describe early gastric carcinoma ?


a. involves mucosa and submucosa only.

b. causes regional lymph node enlargement

c. does not cause lymph node enlargement

d. involves muscularis propria


ANSWER:
Answer : A ( involves mucosa and submucosa only). 
Early gastric carcinoma is confined to mucosa and submucosa, irrespective of lymph node enlargement.





MedicoNotebook - Founder : DrShiviMudgal , Co-Founder : DrAyushGoel

0 Medical One Liners 361 - 370

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361. Trilateral retinoblastoma
  • bilateral retinoblastoma and
  • intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumor ( pineal or suprasellar )
362. T-shaped uterus : seen in cases of in-utero diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure.

363. Intra-aortic baloon pumps are used in patients with cardiogenic shock.
Ideally placed just distal to left subclavian artery origin.

364. Left lower lobe basal atelactasis is frequently seen in patients with heart transplantation.

365. Right upper lobe bronchus arising from trachea is called - PIG bronchus.

366. Congenital lobar emphysema is a misnomer as there is no alveolar wall destruction.
  • It is better termed as Congenital lobar overinflation.
  • MC affects Left upper lobe of lung (43% cases)

367. Most common location of bronchogenic cyst is : Mediastinal - carinal.

368. Most common location for Intralobar pulmonary sequestration : Medial left lower lobe.

369. Leiomyoma of oesophagus affects lower 2/3rd as this part has smooth muscle.

370. Double pyloric canal - seen when gastric antral ulcer fistulate to the duodenal cap.




MedicoNotebook - Founder : DrShiviMudgal , Co-Founder : DrAyushGoel

0 Sliding hiatus hernia

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MCQ 163

Q. Which of the following best describes Sliding hiatus hernia ?

a. Oesophago-gastric junction (OG junction) sliding just above the diaphragmatic hiatus
b. OG junction sliding 1cm above the diaphragmatic hiatus
c. OG junction sliding 2cm above the diaphragmatic hiatus
d. OG junction sliding > 2cm above the diaphragmatic hiatus


ANSWER:
Answer : D - OG junction sliding > 2cm above the diaphragmatic hiatus
Normally OG junction can be visualized on a barium swallow 2 cm above or below the diaphragmatic hiatus. When there is tear of oesophago-phrenic ligament, then the OG junction may slide > 2cm above which is then termed sliding hernia.





MedicoNotebook - Founder : DrShiviMudgal , Co-Founder : DrAyushGoel

0 Intra-articular Metaphyses

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MCQ 162

Q. Which of the following does not have intra-articular metaphyses ?

a. Hip joint
b. Elbow joint
c. Knee joint
d. Ankle joint


ANSWER:

Answer : C - Knee joint.
Hip, ankle, shoulder and elbow joints have intra-articular metaphyses.






MedicoNotebook - Founder : DrShiviMudgal , Co-Founder : DrAyushGoel
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